Wednesday, November 11, 2009

Determinants of Trafficking: Understanding the problem and the actors

The starting point for understanding the problem of trafficking and finding a solution is to figure out what we think and know about the problem. So this is where I started.

Recently, I read a report which said, half the districts in India are affected by human trafficking. I have read similar reports on different countries across the globe, and each report claims the problem exists because people know either nothing or very little about trafficking. While this may be true, what confused me is the fact that even though there are people or groups who know more than others, it is not always easy to figure out what those people or groups precisely think about the problem.

As I read more, I want to know what
everyone thinks of the problem. To keep this exercise structured, I have broken down the study into multiple parts. Today's post is an attempt to understand the factors that influence activities of victims, exploiters, and buyers.

PART I: Determinants of Trafficking: Understanding the problem and the actors

It is crucial to understand all the actors involved in human trafficking as well as the dynamics between the actors and between the actors and the environment.

There have been many articles written on human trafficking, but there is no consensus on what the necessary conditions are to create and maintain human trafficking, i.e. what causes human trafficking and what keeps it going? The answers of course range from political factors such as war and conflict to social factors such as gender discrimination. Perhaps we can never have a uniform answer to these questions. It seems that only now we're beginning to agree on a definition of trafficking so it is hard to believe we will be able to find a set of common determinants of trafficking so soon. Hence, I am very interested in learning what everyone thinks about the questions below and where we differ in our ideas - I hope this exercise will help us see the problem from different perspectives. The goal of this post is to start a discussion on determinants of trafficking and to learn from others' views.
  1. What conditions are necessary for trafficking to occur? What (plausible) assumptions can we make about the type of factors that influence trafficking and what makes these assumptions plausible?
    • For example, in terms of economic drivers, we know poverty and high level of unemployment are some of the (essential) conditions traffickers look for in recruitment areas , but they may not be causes of trafficking, but rather conditions for it. There may be poor communities which may not be be suitable for 'recruitment' because those communities, for example, may not have well connected criminal networks.
    1. Personal: literacy, communication channels, home environment, etc.
    2. Economic: debt, high levels of unemployment, etc. :
      • For example, we've read globalization may have created conditions that make it easy for criminal networks to flourish and hence for trafficking to occur. In this case, we would attempt to understand precisely how globalization creates these conditions.
    3. Political: war, conflicts, exclusion by caste or some other group, etc.
    4. Social: gender discrimination, marital status, etc.
    5. Geographic: forced migration due to scarcity of water, etc.
  2. How are the necessary conditions for trafficking (from question 1) created and maintained?
  3. Who can we classify as exploiters (trafficker, pimps, etc) ? What assumptions can we make about the exploiters?
  4. What assumptions can we make about the buyers? Who (and what process) creates the demand?
    • We've read that trafficking enables "commodification" of humans. We also know that the demand for any commodity is much more complex than just the need of the buyer. Hence, what are these other variables that make understanding this demand and the buyers so difficult and complex?
  5. Are we missing something? Who else plays a role and how important is it?
Input from everyone would be extremely helpful and I look forward to a discussion about the questions in this post.

1 comment:

  1. Anonymous6:39 PM

    Bondage has existed for centuries it has also been fought just as long, but with nor greater an emphasis as it has . We know better with all the modern conveniences we have to tracking this sort of activity monitoring systems allowed us to also note that foreigners are not the only one's trafficked, but American Citizen reproductive "place" is being preyed upon by foreign immigrants under various cover stories. Women are planning their own pregnancies and stealing into defacto concept to secure immigration whether the NAtional partner is willing or not at all costs. Children are parented without consent out from under American Citizenry coast to coast. These same laisons with what appears to be common dreams of Marriage, family and relationship enter no secured contract in any direction once Coersion has been established. The believing American enter into Sedition and do not even know to discern *emergency altogether; so facilitating an immigration chance. Having deceptively conned an unsuspecting partner and reducing a National born to a mere BIOLOGICAL doner robbed of a choice.

    The using of the life of an unborn American as a tool or trophy to further their opportunity to Naturalize, by riasing up from a greencard status to something more and discarding the doner and fathers rights altogether.

    In my case my own entered human trafficking and took to flight with child, the child of an American of European descent, then turned around within the span of two years to find herself another host to cover her felonious activity under Adoption law which permanently blocked my father from finding me when the captivity opted to flee abroad. Once crossing International territory to enter International law and various other crimes miscategorized and further burry in American-International burocracy.

    What is strange is to trash these Citizenry as cold casess into the Mental Health wastebasket; where yet Medical Autistics and Asperger Citizenry are trashed will *never make Medical cases Mental Health, nor would International cases stay forever on a local level without Euorope finding out.

    We are obligated under the Geneva Convention law, and Humanitarian law worldwide. It was what many nations signed to and it comes to the definition of Freedom and Justice for all worldwide, and not only for ours here.

    Everyone must obey the law, but to cover mishap, and pretend it does not exist costs many millions upon millions of funding that could go to reach and rescue and education.

    My appeal is to the the 'Big Boys' who are monitoring World Convention Law. American people just do not know how to DISCERN public safety, and our leadership cannot classify Terrorism, and Sedition, but more importantly Treason properly. Insurgency is happening within our nation ~LIVE!

    Many nation's people are being trampled by foreigners desiring to enter at all costs and these need to be reported and thoroughly investigated for the greater good of enforcing what is correct. there is a right way to obtain one's dreams without entering this level of barbarism.

    Should we too refer runaways to other hotlines to go round and round without respite and protection or is it they simply do not count to measure their potencial from not having a chance to start a truly American freedom without predatory negligence? Where are our watch dog organizations. Why can't we cooperate with other nations more effectively to list offenders to prosecute and restore our own first before estending Citizenship to Criminals who demand equality under the law. Once a person pitches order and lawfulness they have already compromized their rights and lose just like a Drunk loses his driving priviledge. It comes with Responsibility what our governments expects of us.

    Citizenship comes with obligations people and there is simply no excuse for a lack of FIDELITY and LOYALTY!